Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a zone of 27,925 square miles. The province of Sierra Leone began in the deal and cession in 1787 by local boss to English pilgrims of a land parcel proposed as a home for African pioneers who were whithered strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was proclaimed a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone accomplished freedom on 27th April, 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Instruction is given by both private and state-supported schools. The current arrangement of training is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal instruction.


Training is every now and again utilized in the feeling of guidance in the study hall, research center, workshop or household science room and comprises mainly in the conferring by the instructor, and the securing by students, of data and mental just as manual abilities. A more extensive

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importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words all that goes on inside the school as a feature of the understudy’s life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, connection among understudies and instructors, students and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Plant (1931) opined that whatever assists with forming the person; to cause the individual what he to is or obstruct him from being what he isn’t is a piece of his training. Certainly instruction is deep rooted and omnipresent; it is the whole of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Instruction is somewhat a conscious arranged procedure conceived and led by the instructor with the reason for permeating the student with certain data, abilities, of brain and body just as methods of conduct thought about alluring. To some extent it is the student’s own reaction to the earth where he lives. Instruction has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the instructor’s persuasions are brought to tolerate; the general public or network to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their impact. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of character on character; and in any event, for his essential physical needs he relies upon the assistance and participation of his kindred people. Without society and the shared help and improvement of encounters which it gives human advancement is inconceivable and the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “singular, poor, frightful, brutish and short.”

One of the key realities of human presence is the strain between the draw of the past and the forward desire into the future, among strength and change, custom and advancement. For viable living,man needs a hover of security, a territory of set up propensities and relationship which structures reliable connections. This is likewise valid for society. For its powerful working there must be a hidden congruity of customs and standpoint which saves its way of life as a general public and protections it against the troublesome impacts of progress. Change must be forever and not static but rather this adjustment thus should be constrained by the fundamental customs of society. It is convention which gives a country its character and uniqueness as a general public. The preservation of convention in this manner is clearly urgent.

It has been perceived from days of yore that the preservation of customary instruction has an indispensable part to play in the improvement of the kid. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared subsequently, to acquire and propagate the convictions and methods of life unconventional to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to save itself truly as well as network deliberately sharing certain points, beliefs and examples of conduct. This sort of training isn’t really formal in schools by methods for study hall guidance however that affected in a roundabout way through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and customs which the youngster can’t sidestep. In Sierra Leone this social instruction included expand functions of commencement including accomplishments of continuance in which youngsters and ladies must substantiate themselves deserving of the network. A definitive objective was to create a person who was straightforward, deferential, gifted, helpful, and who could adjust to the social thing to get done. As Aristotle once expressed “the constitution of a state will endure if instruction is disregarded. The residents of a state ought to consistently be instructed to suit the constitution of the state. The kind of character suitable to a constitution is the force which keeps on supporting it as it is additionally the state power which initially made it” (p. I).

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